MONOTREMES (PLATYPUS & ECHIDNA) HISTORICAL SCIART IMAGE BANK

(under construction – more images and notes on the way!) [updated 13 May 2024]

c. 1791 attributed to the Port Jackson Painter [1ST KNOWN EUROPEAN DEPICTION OF A ECHIDNA]
Thomas Watling Drawings Collection, 1788-c. 1797 (No. 94)
Natural History Museum London
1792 (Feb.?) William Bligh
An animal shot at Adventure Bay”
Mitchell Library, State Library NSW
1792 (Feb.?) George Tobin
“Animal of Adventure Bay”
Mitchell Library, State Library NSW
c. 1792-7 Thomas Watling
Thomas Watling Drawings Collection, 1788-c. 1797 (No. 93)

Natural History Museum London
c.1790s Lambert Album (possibly J. Whatman 1794) – copy of Watling 93
Pl.10, watercolor on paper

State Library NSW
1792 (July) George Shaw / Frederick Nodder – The Naturalist’s Miscellany [1st PUBLISHED SCIENTIFIC DESCRIPTION AND FIRST PUBLISHED IMAGE OF AN ECHIDNA]
Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL)
1ST KNOWN EUROPEAN DEPICTION OF A PLATYPUS by Governor John Hunter, 1797 (1802 published version)
State Library Victoria
1798 Betruch – Bilderbuch für Kinder [1ST PUBLISHED EUROPEAN PLATYPUS IMAGE]
Heidelberg University Library
1799 Shaw / Nodder – The Naturalist’s Miscellany
[1ST PUBLISHED SCIENTIFIC DESCRIPTION OF A PLATYPUS]
BHL
1799 Shaw / Nodder – The Naturalist’s Miscellany
[1ST PUBLISHED SCIENTIFIC DESCRIPTION OF A PLATYPUS]
BHL

1800 Shaw / Heath – General Zoology, Or Systemic Natural History: Vol. I, Part 1: Mammalia
BHL

Original watercolor of the Platypus illustration used for the title page of General Zoology, attributed to author George Shaw, 1799. Framed with published page. Private collection. [Via MutualArt]
Thomas Davies (1737-1812)
“Ducks Bill Beaver”

Page from a sketchbook of mammals, fish, and ethnographical objects, c. 1798-1800?
Hastings Museum and Art Gallery
Thomas Davies’ watercolor illustration accompanying his paper presented to the Linnean Society of London, c. 1800
Linnean Society of London
1800 Thomas Bewick – A general history of quadrupeds
BHL
1800 Thomas Pennant – Allgemeine Uebersicht der vierfüssigen Thiere
BHL
1803 Ferdinand Bauer (1760-1826) – Forty-nine original watercolour drawings of animals which were collected when accompanying the voyage under Capt. M. Flinders to Australia. / Plate 12 | Ornithorhynchus anatinus | 335 x 510 mm
Natural History Museum London
1803 Ferdinand Bauer (1760-1826) – Forty-nine original watercolour drawings of animals which were collected when accompanying the voyage under Capt. M. Flinders to Australia. / Plate 13 | Ornithorhynchus anatinus | 507 x 338 mm
Natural History Museum London
1803 Joan Calkoen – Beschryving van den Ornithorhynchus paradoxus of zonderbaar zoogend vogel-bek-dier van Nieuw-Hollandia, Plate II
National Library of Australia
1803 Joan Calkoen – Beschryving van den Ornithorhynchus paradoxus of zonderbaar zoogend vogel-bek-dier van Nieuw-Hollandia, Plate III
National Library of Australia

“An early description of the platypus with the author referring to Blumenbach’s article published in 1800 which gave its scientific name. Calkoen states he received another specimen, the first to arrive in Holland. He compares his specimen with Blumenbach’s description.” (NLA)

1805 Bertuch – Bilderbuch für Kinder
Meisterdrucke
1807 I.W. Lewin
drawing – 21.2 x 29.4 cm – watercolour and pencil
State Library NSW
1810 I.W. Lewin
drawing – 43.8 x 54.3 cm. – watercolour and gouache
State Library NSW
1810-1 George Perry – Arcana, or, The Museum of Natural History
National Library of Australia
1811 M. F. Péron – Voyage de découvertes aux terres australes
BHL
1813 Betruch – Bilderbuch für Kinder (copy)
Heidelberg University Library
1812 Bullock / Howitt A companion to Mr. Bullock’s London Museum and Pantherion
BHL
1812 Bullock / Howitt A companion to Mr. Bullock’s London Museum and Pantherion
BHL

Bullock’s Museum drawings & watercolors of the Platypus Anatinus, 1814, by an unknown English artist
“William Bullock was a nineteenth-century naturalist and antiquarian, who established a museum of curiosities in northern England in the late 1790s, which moved to Liverpool in 1801. In 1812 Bullock moved his collections to London and the newly built Egyptian Temple (later Egyptian Hall), Piccadilly, which became an established London landmark, known as the London Museum. It closed in 1819, with some of the collection being auctioned, and some sold to the University of Edinburgh.”
State Library NSW
https://collection.sl.nsw.gov.au/record/Yold0LE9
https://collection.sl.nsw.gov.au/record/1bGdejMY

1815 Leach / Nodder – The zoological miscellany
BHL
1815 Leach / Nodder – The zoological miscellany
BHL
1816 Bertuch – Bilderbuch für Kinder
Heidelberg University Library
1823 J. van der Hoeven
Mémoire sur le genre Ornithorhinque (Ornithorhynchus Bl.)
National Library of Australia
1827 Georges Cuvier – The Animal Kingdom
BHL
1833  Cuvier – Regne Animal
Sebra Prints
1834 George Bennett
Notes on the Natural History and Habits

of the Ornithorhynchus paradoxus
National Library of Australia
1834 Bennett
Notes on the Natural History and Habits

of the Ornithorhynchus paradoxus
National Library of Australia
1834 Richard Owen
On the Young of the Ornithorhynchus paradoxus
Plate XXXII
National Library of Australia
1834 Owen
On the Young of the Ornithorhynchus paradoxus
Plate XXXIII
National Library of Australia
1835 J-S-C Dumont D’Urville – Voyage pittoresque autour du monde
Bavarian State Library
1837 Cuvier – The Animal Kingdom
BHL
1833-40 (1835) Dictionnaire pittoresque d’histoire naturelle et des phénomènes de la nature
BHL
1833-40 (1838) Dictionnaire pittoresque d’histoire naturelle et des phénomènes de la nature
BHL
1838 R. P. Lesson – Compléments de Buffon
BHL
1838 Lesson – Compléments de Buffon
BHL
1841 Jardine/Waterhouse – The Naturalist’s Library
Internet Archive
1840 Jardine/Waterhouse – The Naturalist’s Library
Internet Archive
1842 Jardine – The Naturalist’s Library
BHL
1842 Pierre Bernard – Le jardin des plantes
Internet Archive
1844 – The Pictorial Museum of Animated Nature
BHL
1844 Die Säugthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur, mit Beschreibungen
BHL
1844 Die Säugthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur, mit Beschreibungen
BHL
1844 Die Säugthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur, mit Beschreibungen
BHL
c. 1848-1860 Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London
BHL
1849 Orbigny – Dictionnaire universel d’histoire naturelle
BHL
1850 Popular History of Mammalia; Comprising a Familiar Account of Their Classification and habits
Sebra Prints
1851-60 The natural history of the sacred Scriptures, and guide to general zoology
BHL
1854 Cuvier – The Animal Kingdom
BHL
1854 Paul Gervais – Les Trois Règnes de la Nature
1stdibs.com
1854 (6 April) Eugene von Guerard (1811-1901)
“Schnabelthier – Ornithorhynchus paradoxus 1 [and a half] Fuss lang mit Schnabel und Schwanz”
1 drawing : watercolour, black ink and pencil on cream paper ; 14.1 x 24.7 cm
State Library Victoria
1860 The Instructive Picture Book
1860 The Instructive Picture Book
1865 Owen
On the marsupial pouches, mammary glands and mammary foetus of the Echidna hystrix
BHL
1865 Owen
On the marsupial pouches, mammary glands and mammary foetus of the Echidna hystrix

BHL
1865 Owen
On the marsupial pouches, mammary glands and mammary foetus of the Echidna hystrix

BHL
1868 The Instructive Picture Book

1863 Gould – The Mammals of Australia
BHL
1863 Gould – The Mammals of Australia
BHL
1863 Gould – The Mammals of Australia
BHL
c.1860s Emil Hochdanz
Wikimedia Commons
1860s Eduoard Travies
L’Ornithorhynque
coloured lithograph, 25.1 x 17.1 cm
National Library of Australia
1863-79 Atlante Zoologico Popolareopera compilata sui più recenti lavori di zoologia Italiani e stranieri
Meisterdrucke
1863-79 Atlante Zoologico Popolareopera compilata sui più recenti lavori di zoologia Italiani e stranieri
Meisterdrucke
1871 Krefft –Mammals of Australia (Scott Sisters)
Wikimedia Commons
1871 Krefft – Mammals of Australia (Scott Sisters)
Wikimedia Commons
1880 Johnson’s Household Book of Nature
BHL
James E. Bourhill (British, fl.1880-1887)
Duck-Billed Platypus, 1886
oil on canvas, 22¼ x 30½ in.
Christie’s
1886 – source?
State Library Victoria
1889 Natural history of the animal kingdom for the use of young people
Internet Archive Book Images
1889 Natural history of the animal kingdom for the use of young people
Internet Archive Book Images / Flickr
1889 The cruise of the Marchesa to Kamschatka and New Guinea
Cornell University Library
1890 Meyers Konversations-Lexikon (4th ed.)
Internet Archive
1897 Meyers Konversations-Lexikon (5th ed.)
1894 Lydekker – A hand-book to the marsupialia and monotremata
BHL
1894 Lydekker – A hand-book to the marsupialia and monotremata
BHL
1894 James E. Sherrard
Exhibition Building, Melbourne : illustrated official handbook…
National Library of Australia
1894 James E. Sherrard
Exhibition Building, Melbourne : illustrated official handbook…
National Library of Australia
1900 Naturgeschichte der Säugetiere
e-rara
1900 Naturgeschichte der Säugetiere
e-rara
c. 1900-1907 Yuzhakov Big Encyclopedia
Wikimedia Commons
1901 Animals in action; studies and stories of beasts, birds and reptiles; their habits, their homes and their peculiarities
Internet Archive Book Images / Flickr
1910 The Book of the Animal Kingdom
BHL
1909 The Wild Beasts of the World
BHL
1912 Animal Portraiture
BHL
1916 Lydekker – Wild life of the world : a descriptive survey of the geographical distribution of animals
BHL
1916 Heinrich Harder – Tiere der Urwelt / Animals of the Prehistoric World
Media Storehouse / Mary Evans Picture Library
1919 Genera Mammalium
BHL
1909 The Wild Beasts of the World
BHL
1912 Animal Portraiture
BHL
1916 Lydekker – Wild life of the world : a descriptive survey of the geographical distribution of animals
BHL
1916 Heinrich Harder – Tiere der Urwelt / Animals of the Prehistoric World
Media Storehouse / Mary Evans Picture Library
1919 Genera Mammalium
BHL
1922 Animaux venimeux et venins
BHL
c.1929 A Textbook in General Zoology
Internet Archive
1971 Animal Ghosts
Internet Archive

European school poster, late 19th century? Illustrator: Albert Kull (1855-1921)
http://www.collectiontrade.nl/cms/index.php?page=shop.product_details&flypage=flypage.tpl&product_id=29677&category_id=2269&option=com_virtuemart&Itemid=35

Bonus book recommendations:

Upside Down World: Early European Impressions of Australia’s Curious Animals by Penny Olsen (2010)
Platypus Matters: The Extraordinary Story of Australian Mammals by Jack Ashby (2022/2024)
Platypus: The Extraordinary Story of How a Curious Creature Baffled the World by Ann Moyal (2001/2004)

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